On This Day – February 19th

197 – Lucius Septimius Severus’ army beats Clodius Albinus at Lyon
356 – Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples
607 – Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
842 – Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstated the veneration of icons in the churches
1512 – French troops under Gaston de Foix occupy Brescia
1537 – Weavers of Leiden, Netherlands, strike
1539 – Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
1574 – Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp, Netherlands
1582 – Francis of Valois becomes duke of Brabant
1594 – Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
1600 – The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America.
1619 – Trial against Johan van Oldenbarnevelt begins in The Hague
1634 – Battle at Smolensk: Polish king Wladyslaw IV beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
1674 – Netherlands & England sign Peace of Westminster (NYC becomes English)
1700 – Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark
1736 – George Frideric Handel’s “Alexander’s Feast,” premieres
1771 – Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)
1797 – 1/3 of papal domain ceded to France
1803 – Congress accepts Ohio’s constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953

Composer George Friedrich Handel
Composer George Friedrich Handel

1807 – British squadron under Admiral Duckworth attempts to force passage of Dardanelles
1807 – VP Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later found innocent
1819 – British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III.
1825 – Franz Grillparzer’s “Konig Ottokars Gluck,” premieres in Vienna
1831 – 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Penn
1846 – Texas state government formally installed in Austin
1852 – The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
1856 – Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
1861 – Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [NS=Mar 3]
1864 – Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Wash DC (12 members)
1869 – US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
1878 – Thomas Alva Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)
1881 – Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
1884 – Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky & In kill 800 people
1900 – British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor Thomas Edison

1906 – WK Kellogg & Ch Bolin find Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Co
1910 – English premiere of Richard Strauss’ “Elektra”
1913 – 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
1913 – Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
1914 – Riccardo Zandonai’s opera “Francesco da Rimini,” premieres in Turin
1915 – British fleet fire on Dardanelles coast
1919 – Pan-African Congress, organized by W E B Du Bois (Paris)
1920 – Netherlands joins League of Nations
1922 – Ed Wynn becomes 1st talent to sign as a radio entertainer
1923 – Jean Sibelius’ 6th Symphony, premieres
1923 – Philip Barry’s “You & I,” premieres in NYC
1927 – General strike against British occupiers in Shanghai
1928 – 2nd Winter Olympic games close at St Moritz, Switzerland
1928 – Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
1929 – Medical diathermy machine 1st used, Schenectady, NY

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner

1932 – William Faulkner completes his novel “Light in August”
1933 – Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers
1934 – US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
1935 – Clifford Odets’ “Awake & Sing,” premieres in NYC
1936 – Manuel Azaña becomes Spanish premier
1938 – Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
1941 – Nazi police attacked & driven away from Koco, Amsterdam (by young Jews)
1941 – Nazi raid Amsterdam & round up 429 young Jews for deportation
1942 – About 150 Japanese warplanes attacked the Australian city of Darwin
1942 – Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ
1942 – Dutch actors protest obligatory membership of Culture Chamber
1942 – FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans
1942 – Japanese troop land on Timor
1942 – Tommy Dorsey & his orchestra recorded “I’ll Take Tallulah”
1942 – NY Yankees announce 5,000 uniformed soldiers admitted free at each of their upcoming home games

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt

1943 – German tanks under brig gen Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass Tunesia
1944 – 823 British bombers attack Berlin
1944 – U-264 sinks off Ireland
1945 – 30,000 US Marines land on Iwo Jima
1945 – 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
1945 – Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated
1945 – US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese
1946 – Giants outfielder Danny Gardella is 1st major leaguer to announce he is jumping to the “outlaw” Mexican League
1947 – CBS radio premiere of Villa-Lobos’ “Bachianas Brasilieras No 3″
1949 – “Inside USA” closes at Century Theater NYC after 339 performances
1949 – 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound
1949 – Mass arrests of communists in India
1952 – French offensive at Hanoi
1953 – Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
1953 – William Inge’s “Picnic,” premieres in NYC

Poet Ezra Pound
Poet Ezra Pound

1955 – South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect
1956 – Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1958 – Carl Perkins leaves Sun Records for Columbia Records
1959 – Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
1959 – Gabon adopts its constitution
1959 – USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), NM
1960 – Bil Keane’s “Family Circus” cartoon strip debuts
1960 – Protest strike in Poznan, Poland
1961 – Albania disavows Chinese “Revisionism”
1961 – Henk van der Grift (Neth) becomes world champ all-round skater
1962 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 – Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize
1963 – USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba
1964 – UK flies ½ ton of The Beatles wigs to the US
1965 – NFL adds 6th official

US President John F. Kennedy
US President John F. Kennedy

1967 – Stien Kaiser becomes world champion lady’s skater
1968 – 1st US Teachers strike (Florida)
1969 – 1st Test flight of Boeing 747 jumbo jet
1970 – AL Cy Young winner Denny McLain suspended for bookmaking
1970 – USSR launches Sputnik 52 & Molniya 1-13 communications satellite
1971 – Paul McCartney releases “Another Day” in UK
1971 – Walt Wesley becomes 1st Cleve Cavalier to score 50 pts in a game
1972 – Glenn Turner carries his bat for 223* v WI at Kingston
1972 – The Asama-Sanso hostage standoff begins in Japan.
1974 – 1st American Music Award: Helen Reddy & Jim Croce win
1976 – Frente Polisario forms Democratic Republic of Sahara
1977 – 19th Grammy Awards: This Masquerade, Starland Vocal Band
1977 – A’s sell pitcher Paul Lindblad to the Rangers for $400,000
1977 – Doug Walters scores 250 v NZ, 217 stand for 7th wicket w/Gilmour
1977 – Fleetwood Mac’s “Rumours” album released
1977 – France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1977 – Shuttle Enterprise makes 1st Test flight atop a 747 jetliner
1978 – “On the 20th Century” opens at St James Theater NYC for 460 perfs
1978 – Brigitte Kraus runs world record 1000 m indoor (2:34.8)
1978 – Coleman, Comden & Green’s musical premieres in NYC
1980 – Botham a century & 13 wickets in Jubilee Test Cricket at Bombay
1980 – Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 1000m in 1:15.18
1981 – George Harrison is ordered to pay ABKCO Music $587,000 for “subconscious plagiarism” “My Sweet Lord” with “He’s So Fine”
1982 – Hanneke Jagersma installed as Neth’s 1st Communist mayor
1982 – Sharie Langford, California, sets women’s bowling series record of 853
1982 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1983 – Fernando Valenzuela wins his salary arbitration of $1 million
1983 – Vladimir Salnikov (USSR) sets 400 m free style swimming record
1984 – “Doonesbury” closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 104 performances
1984 – 14th winter Olympic games close at Sarajevo, Yugoslavia
1984 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1984 – 1st brother combo to win Gold & Silver in same event at Olympics (Phil & Steve Mahre-Slalom)
1985 – 150 killed when a Spanish jetliner crashed approaching Bilbao, Spain
1985 – ADM of Amsterdam declares bankruptcy
1985 – Canned & bottled Cherry Coke introduced by Coca-Cola
1985 – Mickey Mouse welcomed in China
1985 – William Schroeder is 1st artificial heart patient to leave hospital He spent 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Ky
1986 – Jordanian King Hussein severs ties with PLO
1986 – US Senate ratifies UN’s anti-genocide convention 37 years later
1986 – USSR launches Mir space station into Earth orbit
1987 – “Stardust” opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 102 performances
1987 – Anti-smoking ad airs for 1st time on TV, featuring Yul Brynner
1987 – Less than a month after re-signing, A’s pitcher Vida Blue retires
1987 – Minn sheriff office arrest FBI most wanted, Thomas G Harrelson

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor Ronald Reagan

1987 – US President Reagan lifts trade boycott against Poland
1988 – Helga Arendt, Silke-Beate Knoll, Mechthild Kluth, Gisela Kinzel walk indoor female world record 4x200m (1:32.55)
1989 – “Legs Diamond” closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 64 perfs
1989 – Edgar Bowers wins Bollingen Prize
1990 – Police kill 8 demonstrators for multi party system in Nepal
1990 – Soyuz TM-9 lands
1992 – “Crazy For You” opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 1622 performances
1992 – Ken Ludwig’s musical “Crazy for You,” premieres in NYC
1992 – Peter Collins discovers nova Cygni 1992
1992 – Porn producer Jim Mitchell found guilty of killing his brother Artie
1993 – Kenya Moore, 22, (Michigan), crowned 42nd Miss USA
1994 – Marta Figueras-Dotti wins Cup o’ Noodles Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1995 – 1st broadcast of “Woman of Independent Means” on NBC-TV
1995 – Irina Privalova runs indoor woman’s European record 200m (22.10 sec)
1995 – Kenneth Koch wins Bollingen Prize
1995 – Linford Christie runs world record 200m indoor (20.25 sec)
1995 – Linford Christie runs European record 60m indoor (6.47 sec)
1995 – Michael Tippett’s “Rose Lake,” premieres
1996 – Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in York PA on WQXA 105.7 FM
1997 – FCC makes available 311 for non-emergency calls & 711 for hearing or speech-impaired emergency calls
1998 – Soyuz TM-26 lands
1998 – US hockey team destroys their rooms at Olympic village in Japan
2001 – An Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial.
2002 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
2004 – Nazi-hunter Simon Wiesenthal is awarded an honorary knighthood in recognition of a “lifetime of service to humanity.”
2007 – Three Salvadoran deputies to the Central American Parliament and their driver are murdered in Guatemala.
2008 – Toshiba announces its formal recall of its HD DVD video formatting, ending the format war between it and Sony’s Blu-Ray Disc
2012 – 44 people killed in prison brawl in Apocada, Mexico, between two rival drug cartels
2013 – 12 people are killed and 11 are injured after a Yemeni Air Force plane crashes in Sana’a

On This Day – February 18th

3102 BC – Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga.
1129 – Jerusalem taken by Emperor Frederik II
1268 – The Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakovor.
1332 – Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
1478 – George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London.
1503 – Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales (later Henry VIII)
1536 – France & Turkey sign milt/trade agreement against King Karel
1563 – Huguenot Jean Poltrot de Mere shoots gen Francois De Guise
1574 – Zeeland falls to Dutch rebels
1634 – Ferdinand II orders commander Albrecht von Wallenstein, execution
1678 – John Bunyan’s “Pilgrim’s Progress” is published
1685 – Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France’s claim to Texas.
1688 – Quakers conduct 1st formal protest of slavery in Germantown, Pa
1713 – French invade under Jacques Cassard on Curacao
1735 – 1st opera performed in America, “Flora,” in Charleston, SC
1745 – Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Inverness Scotland
1787 – Austrian emperor Jozef II bans children under 8 from labor
1797 – Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby.
1804 – 1st US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens Ohio, chartered
1814 – The Battle of Montereau; victory of French under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians and Württembergers under the King of Württemberg.
1828 – More than 100 vessels destroyed in a storm, Gibraltar
1834 – 1st US labor newspaper, “The Man,” published, NYC
1839 – Detroit Boat Club forms (& still exists)
1849 – 1st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02/28)
1850 – California Legislature creates nine Bay Area counties
1856 – American (Know-Nothing) Party abolishes secrecy

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President Millard Fillmore

1856 – The American Party (Know-Nothings) convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate its first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.
1857 – Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo
1861 – Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery Ala
1861 – King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes 1st King of Italy
1865 – Battle of Fort Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
1865 – Evacuation of Charleston, SC
1865 – Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, NC
1876 – Direct telegraph link established between Britain & New Zealand
1878 – John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
1879 – Arabs capture Egyptian premier Nabar Pasha
1884 – General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum
1884 – Police seize all copies of Tolstoy’s “What I Believe In”
1885 – Mark Twain’s “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,” published
1891 – Capt Archinard’s army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
1896 – Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for first time in 50 yrs

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II

1899 – SF named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
1899 – Stanley Cup: Mont Shamrocks sweep Queens U (Kingston Ont) in 2 games
1900 – Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam
1900 – Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
1900 – British troops occupy Monte Christo, Natal
1901 – H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner
1901 – Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.
1902 – Opera “Hunchback of Notre Dame,” premieres in Monte Carlo
1903 – Kuyper government launches anti strike laws
1905 – Frank Wedekind’s “Hidada, oder Sein und Haben,” premieres in Munich
1906 – Vincent d’Indy’s “Jour D’été à La Montagne,” premieres in Paris
1908 – 1st US postage stamps in rolls issued
1909 – Boston Red Sox trade Cy Young, at 41, to Cleveland Naps
1911 – The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill

1913 – French painting “Nude Descending a Staircase” displayed in NYC
1915 – Germany begins a blockade of Britain
1919 – Cy Denneny of NHL Ottawa Senators scores record 52nd goals
1921 – British troops occupy Dublin
1922 – Kenesaw Mountain Landis resigns his judgeship to work for baseball
1922 – WOC-AM in Davenport IA begins radio transmissions
1923 – Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
1924 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
1924 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1924 – US, min of marine Edwin Denby ends term due to Teapot Dome-scandal
1927 – 1st US radio broadcast of “Cities Service Concerts”
1927 – US & Canada begin diplomatic relations
1929 – The first Academy Awards are announced.
1930 – Cow flown & milked, milk sealed in paper containers & parachuted
1930 – Luigi Pirandello’s “Come Tu Mi Vuoi,” premieres in Milan
1930 – Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Hart’s “Simple Simon,” premieres in NYC
1930 – US astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
1932 – Japan declares Manchuria independent
1932 – Sonja Henie wins her 6th straight World Women’s figure skating title
1936 – NHL record 32 points scored, NY Americans (28) & Mont Maroons (24)
1939 – Golden Gate International Exposition opens on Treasure Island
1942 – Japanese troop land on Bali
1943 – 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper “Trouw”
1943 – Munich resistance group “White Rose” captured by Nazis
1943 – William D Cox buys Philadelphia Phillies
1944 – Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
1944 – Youngest baseball player, Cin Reds sign 15 year old Joe Nuxhall
1947 – 24 die in a train crash in Gallitzin Pa
1947 – Gian Carlo Menotti’s opera “Telephone,” premieres in NYC
1950 – “Dance Me a Song” closes at Royale Theater NYC after 35 performances
1951 – 3 City College of NY basketball players admit to accepting bribes
1951 – Nepal becomes a constitutional monarchy
1951 – Netherlands Radio School forms
1952 – 4th Emmy Awards: Red Skelton, Sid Caesar & Imogene Coca wins
1953 – “Bwana Devil,” the 1st 3-D movie, opened in New York
1953 – “Maggie” opens at National Theater NYC for 5 performances
1953 – KOLN TV channel 10 in Lincoln, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 – Premiere of 1st 3-D feature film-“Bwana Devil” (NYC)
1954 – The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California.
1955 – Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
1957 – Dedan Kimathi, a Kenyan rebel leader is executed by the British colonial government.
1960 – 8th Winter Olympic games open in Squaw Valley, Cal
1960 – Walter O’Malley, LA Dodger owner, purchases Chavez Ravine for $494,000
1961 – Henk van der Grift becomes world champion skater
1962 – France & Algerian Moslems negotiate truce to end 7 year war
1962 – Louise Suggs wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1964 – Muriel Resnik’s “Any Wednesday,” premieres in NYC
1964 – Papandreou government takes power in Greece
1965 – “Fade Out-Fade In” opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 72 performances
1965 – 27 copper miners die in avalanche, Granduc Mountain, BC
1965 – Frank Gifford announces his retirement from football for broadcasting
1965 – The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1967 – Bob Seagren sets pole vault record at 17’3″
1967 – Softball pitcher Eddie Feigner strikes out 6 straight major leaguers
1968 – 10,000 demonstrators against US in Vietnam War in West-Berlin
1968 – 10th Winter Olympic games close at Grenoble, France
1968 – British adopts year-round daylight savings time as a trial
1968 – David Gilmour joins rock group Pink Floyd
1969 – Doug Walters scores 2nd innings century after 242 in 1st
1969 – PLO-attack El-Al plane in Zurich Switzerland
1970 – Chicago 7 defendants found innocent of inciting to riot
1970 – US president Nixon launches “Nixon-doctrine”
1972 – California Supreme Court abolishes death penalty
1972 – Giulio Andreotti sworn in as premier of Italy
1972 – John & Yoko end a week of co-hosting Mike Douglas Show
1973 – 54-kg octopus measuring 7m across captured in Hood Canal, Wash
1973 – Belgian Emiel Puttemans runs 3000m indoor record 7:39.2
1973 – Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Pompano Beach Golf Classic
1974 – NASA launches Italian satellite San Marcos C-2 (235/843 km)
1974 – US ambassador to India Daniel Moynihan present $2,046,700,000 check
1975 – 2nd American Music Award: Olivia Newton-John & John Denver win
1975 – Italy broadens abortion law
1977 – George Harrison releases “True Love”
1977 – Space Shuttle above a Boeing 747 goes on it’s maiden flight
1977 – Test Cricket debuts of Colin Croft & Joel Garner v Pakistan Bridgetown
1978 – 1st Iron Man Triathlon (swim, bike ride, marathon) held, Kona, Hawaii
1979 – -52°F (-47°C), Old Forge, New York (state record)
1979 – Amy Alcott wins LPGA Elizabeth Arden Golf Classic
1979 – Miniseries “Roots: Next Generations” premieres on ABC TV
1979 – NASA launches space vehicle S-202
1979 – Pres Zia ur-Rahmans National Party wins elections in Bangladesh
1979 – Snow falls in Sahara Desert
1980 – Billy Wyman said he will leave Rolling Stones in 1983 (Sure!)
1980 – Pierre Elliott Trudeau’s Liberal Party wins Canada’s elections
1983 – NBA Indiana Pacers begin a 28 game road losing streak
1984 – Revised concordat between Italy & Vatican signed
1986 – San Antonio’s Alvin Robertson scores NBA 2nd quadruple double-20 pts, 11 rebounds, 10 assists & 10 steals against Phoenix
1988 – Anthony M Kennedy, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
1989 – Sherri Turner wins LPGA Orix Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open/Itoki Pro-Am
1990 – Jane Crafter wins LPGA Phar-Mor at Inverrary Golf Tournament
1991 – Edmonton Oiler goalie Grant Fuhr returns to NHL after season-long suspension for substance abuse & shuts out NJ Devils 4-0
1993 – Howard Stern’s radio show begins transmitting to Rochester NY
1994 – Dan Jansen skates world record 1000m (1:12.43)
1994 – Shreveport Pirates join CFL as 4th US team
1995 – Angela Kennedy swims world record 100m butterfly
1995 – Barb Thomas Whitehead wins Cup o’ Noodles Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1995 – Pamela Anderson (Baywatch) & Tommy Lee (Motley Crue) wed
1995 – Warnecke swims world record 50m freestyle
1996 – 1st full ODI for Kenya, Cricket World Cup v India
1996 – Daytona 500 race
1996 – Tendulkar scores 127* in India’s Cricket World Cup win over Kenya
1998 – NY Rangers fire head coach Colin Campbell
1998 – Two white separatists are arrested in Nevada and accused of plotting a biological attack on New York City subways.
2000 – Stjepan Mesić becomes the second president of Croatia.
2001 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union. He was ultimately convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
2003 – Comet C/2002 V1 (NEAT) makes perihelion, seen by SOHO.
2003 – Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea.
2004 – Up to 295 people, including nearly 200 rescue workers, die near Neyshabur in Iran when a run-away freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertiliser catches fire and explodes.
2012 – Kateri Tekakwitha canonized as the first native American saint
2013 – 15 people are killed by flooding and landslides in Indonesia
2013 – $50 million worth of diamond is stolen in an armed robbery at Brussels Airport, Belgium

On This Day – February 17th

 

1370 – Battle at Rudau: Germany beats Lithuania
1500 – Battle of Hemmingstedt.
1568 – Holy Roman Emperor agrees to pay tribute to the Sultan for peace
1598 – Boris Godunov chosen tsar of Russia
1600 – Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de’ Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy.
1621 – Miles Standish appointed 1st commander of Plymouth colony
1634 – William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing “Histrio-masti
1670 – France & Bavaria sign military assistance treaty
1691 – Thomas Neale granted British patent for American postal service
1714 – Parliament of Paris accepts Pope Clemens XI’s “Unigenitus” degree
1772 – 1st partition of Poland-Russia & Prussia, joined later by Austria
1776 – 1st volume of Gibbon’s “Decline & Fall of Roman Empire” published
1791 – Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
1795 – Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden Chester, England
1801 – US House of Representatives breaks electoral college tie, chooses Jefferson pres over Burr
1814 – Battle of Mormans.
1817 – 1st US city lit by gas (Baltimore)
1818 – Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents “draisine” (early bicycle)
1836 – HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leaves Tasmania


Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist Charles Darwin

1848 – Toscane gets liberal Constitution
1854 – Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
1859 – Giuseppe Verdi’s opera “Un Ballo in maschera” premieres in Napoli
1864 – Confederate submarine HL Hunley sinks Union ship Housatonic
1865 – -18] Battle of Charleston SC
1865 – Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
1867 – 1st ship passes through Suez Canal
1867 – Gyula Andressy becomes premier of Hungary
1870 – Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
1870 – Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
1876 – Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine)
1878 – 1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
1880 – Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
1882 – 1st Test Cricket match played at Sydney Cricket Ground
1883 – A Ashwell patents the first free-toilet in London

Politician Otto Von Bismarck
Politician Otto Von Bismarck

1885 – Bismarck gives Carl Peters’ firm management of East-Africa
1896 – Muzzling Order on the London County Council enforced
1897 – National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)
1904 – Giacomo Puccini’s opera “Madama Butterfly,” premieres in Milan
1905 – Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
1911 – 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)
1913 – 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)
1913 – NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public
1915 – Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
1916 – Romberg/Hanley/Atteridge/Smith’ musical premieres in NYC
1921 – Arthur Honegger’s “Pastorale D’ete,” premieres
1923 – Ottawa Senator Cy Denneny becomes NHL’s all time scorer (143 goals)
1924 – Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard freestyle record (52.4 seconds)
1926 – Avalanche buries 75 in Sap Gulch Bingham Utah, 40 die
1930 – French government of Tardieu falls

Artist Pablo Picasso
Artist Pablo Picasso

1931 – 1st telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball)
1931 – Hockey’s Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
1932 – Irving Berlin’s musical “Face the Music,” premieres in NYC
1933 – 1st issue of “Newsweek” magazine published
1933 – Marinus van der Lubbe arrives in Glindow, at Potsdam
1933 – US Senate accept Blaine Act: ending prohibition
1934 – 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
1936 – “Phantom” cartoon strip by Lee Falk debuts
1936 – -58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record)
1936 – SN Behrmann’s “End of Summer,” premieres in NYC
1936 – The world’s first superhero, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in comics.
1938 – 1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London)
1939 – Katwijk soccer team forms
1940 – Bradman scores 135 in a non-Shield match for SA v West Australia
1940 – British destroyers board German Altmark off Norway

Composer and Lyricist Irving Berlin
Composer and Lyricist Irving Berlin

1941 – Joe Louis KOs Gus Dorazio in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
1943 – -19] Hitler visits fieldmarshal von Mansteins hq in Zaporozje
1943 – Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews
1943 – Gen-major Bradley flies to Wash DC
1943 – NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, enlists into the US army
1944 – Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22
1944 – US begins night bombing of Truk
1946 – Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam
1947 – Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against “godless communism”
1947 – Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR
1949 – Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel
1949 – Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Andrea Kekesy/Ede Kiraly of HUN
1949 – Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Paris won by Alena Vrzanova of CZE
1949 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button USA
1949 – Richard Button retains world figure skating championship in Paris

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler

1950 – 31 die in a train crash in Rockville Center NY
1953 – DSB soccer team forms in Eindhoven
1954 – WAST (now WNYT) TV channel 13 in Albany-Troy, NY (NBC) 1st broadcast
1955 – Ice Dance Championship at Vienna Austria won by J Westwood/Demmy GRB
1955 – Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Frances Dafoe & Bowden of CAN
1955 – KTVF TV channel 11 in Fairbanks, AK (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 – Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Vienna won by Tenley Albright US
1955 – Mike Souchak sets PGA 72-hole record of 257
1956 – Ice Dance Championship at Garmisch won by Pamela Weight/P Thomas GRB
1956 – Ice Pairs Championship at Garmisch won by Schwarz & Oppelt of AUT
1956 – Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by Carol Heiss USA
1956 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by H A Jenkins USA
1957 – Fire in Warreton Mo, kills 72
1957 – Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1957 – Suez Canal reopens
1957 – A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri kills 72 people.
1958 – Comic strip “BC” 1st appears
1958 – WETV (now WPBA) TV channel 30 in Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1959 – 1st weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg
1962 – Beach Boys introduced a new musical style with their hit “Surfin”
1962 – Storm in Hamburg kills 265
1962 – Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila Warriors scores 67 points vs St Louis
1963 – Toru Terasawa runs world record marathon (2:15:15.8
1964 – 101st member elected to baseball’s hall of fame (Luke Appling)
1964 – US House of Representatives accept Law on the civil rights
1964 – US Supreme court rules – 1 man 1 vote (Westberry v Sanders)
1964 – WMEM TV channel 10 in Presque Isle, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting
1965 – US Ranger 8 launched, will transmit 7,137 lunar pictures
1965 – US-Japan baseball relations suspended over Masanori Murakami dispute
1966 – French satellite Diapason D-1A launch into Earth orbit
1967 – Beatles release “Penny Lane” & “Strawberry Fields”
1967 – Kosmos 140 (Soyuz Test) launches into Earth orbit
1968 – Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Springfield Mass, opens
1969 – Bob Dylan & Johnny Cash record an album (never released)
1969 – Golda Meir sworn in as Israel’s 1st female prime minister
1970 – Jeffrey McDonald slices up his wife & daughter
1970 – Joni Mitchell’s final concert (Royal Albert Hall)
1970 – Robert Marasco’s “Child’s Play,” premieres in NYC
1971 – England regains cricket Ashes with a 2-0 series win
1972 – British Parliament votes to join European Common Market

Singer-Songwriter Bob Dylan
Singer-Songwriter Bob Dylan

1972 – President Nixon leaves Washington DC for China
1972 – Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle model exceed those of Ford Model-T.
1973 – Rodney Redmond scores 107 on debut v Pakistan, his only Test Cricket
1974 – 49 die in stampede for seats at soccer match, Cairo, Egypt
1974 – Carol Mann wins LPGA Naples Lely Golf Classic
1974 – Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House with a stolen helicopter.
1976 – “Rockabye Hamlet” opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 7 performances
1976 – Macau adopts constitution (Organic Law of Macau)
1976 – NZ scores their 1st innings win in Test Cricket, v India
1976 – Richard Hadlee takes 7-23 v India, his 1st match-winning spell
1979 – China invades Vietnam
1979 – Eric Heiden equals skating world record 1000m (1:14.99)
1979 – The Sino-Vietnamese War begins.
1980 – Buddy Baker wins Daytona 500 (177.6 MPH/285.8 kph)
1980 – Dot Germain wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1981 – Chrysler Corp reports largest corporate losses in US history
1982 – Commencement of Sri Lanka’s 1st Test Cricket match, v England
1983 – Bob Bourne fails on 8th Islander penalty shot
1983 – Netherlands adopts constitution
1983 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1985 – 1st class postage rises from 20 cents to 22 cents
1985 – 1st day/night game at the MCG, Australia v England
1985 – 3rd person to receive an artificial heart (Murray Haydon)
1985 – Hein Vergeer becomes world champion skater
1985 – Laffit Pincay Jr is third to ride 6,000th winners at Santa Anita
1986 – 1st Francophone Summit convenes at Versailles
1986 – Howard Stern radio show returns to NYC morning radio (WXRK 92.3 FM)
1986 – Johnson & Johnson announces it no longer sell capsule drugs
1986 – Libyan bombers attack N’djamena Airport in Chad
1987 – Don Mattingly wins highest salary arbitration ($1,975,000 per year)
1987 – Michelle Renee Royer, 21, (Texas), crowned 36th Miss USA
1988 – Lebanese terrorists kidnap UN truce observer Lt Col William Higgins
1988 – US Lt Col Wm Higgins kidnapped by Lebanese terrorists & later killed
1989 – 6-week study of Arctic atmosphere shows no ozone “hole”

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher

1989 – Former baseball player/manager Leo Durocher injured in a car crash
1989 – Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia & Libya form common market
1989 – Orel Hershiser, Dodger pitcher signs record $7.9M-3 year contract
1989 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1991 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge
1993 – Haitian ferry boat capsize in storm, 800-2,000 die
1993 – Mark Foster swims world record 50m free style (21.60 sec)
1995 – 11th Soap Opera Digest Awards
1995 – Colin Fergusson found guilty of killing 6 people on the Long Island Rail Road in NY
1995 – Tiger Manager Sparky Anderson takes unpaid leave due to baseball strike
1995 – Federal judge allows lawsuit claiming US tobacco makers knew nicotine was addictive & manipulated its levels to keep customers hooked
1996 – 1st full ODI for the Netherlands, v NZ, cricket World Cup Nolan Clarke makes ODI debut for Netherlands at age 47
1996 – Garry Kasparov defeats Deep Blue 4-2 in chess
1997 – Carl Sagan Public Memorial at Pasadena Calif
1997 – Weekly Standard shows evidence Larry Flint sex abused his daughter
1998 – Diane Zamora, 20, Naval Academy cadet convicted of capital murder
1998 – Larry Wayne Harris & Bill Levitt arrested for possession of anthrax
1998 – USA Women’s Ice Hockey Team beats Canada and wins the first Olympic Gold medal
2002 – Westlife go to No.1 on the UK singles chart with ‘World Of Our Own.’ The Irish boy band’s 10th UK No.1 single.

Rapper Ja Rule
Rapper Ja Rule

2002 – ‘Always On Time’ by R&B artist Ja Rule featuring Ashanti starts a two-week run at No.1 on the US singles chart.
2003 – The London Congestion Charge scheme begins.
2006 – A massive mudslide occurs in Southern Leyte, Philippines; the official death toll is set at 1,126.
2008 – Kosovo declares independence from Serbia.
2012 – The President of Germany, Christian Wulff, resigns over a corruption scandal
2012 – Approximately 70 ancient Olympic artifacts are stolen from the Archaeological Museum of Greece
2013 – 37 people are killed and 130 are injured in a series of Baghdad car bombings
2013 – 5 people are killed and 11 are injured after a gas explosion destroyed an apartment complex in Frenštát pod Radhoštěm, Czech Republic
2013 – President Rafael Correa wins the Ecuadorian general election in a landslide victory
2013 – Australia defeat the West Indies to win the women’s 2013 Cricket World Cup

On This Day – February 16th

374 – 9th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet
600 – Pope Gregory the Great decreea saying “God bless You” is the correct response to a sneeze
1249 – Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols.
1486 – Diet of Frankfort
1512 – Battle at Valeggio: French troops beat Venetianen
1559 – Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy
1641 – English king Charles I accepts Triennial Act
1646 – Battle of Great Torrington, Devon – the last major battle of the first English Civil War.
1659 – 1st known cheque (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey)
1666 – Netherlands & Brandenburg sign treaty
1677 – Earl of Shaftesbury arrested and confined in the Tower of London
1741 – Benjamin Franklin’s General Magazine (2nd US Mag) begins publishing
1742 – Earl of Wilmington becomes British premier (First Lord of the Treasury)
1751 – 1st publication of Gray’s “Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard”
1760 – Native American hostages killed in Fort Prince George, SC
1771 – Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy
1777 – Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
1804 – Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor & burns Navy frigate “Philadelphia” after pirates seized it
1824 – Athenaeum club founded in London

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist Charles Darwin

1832 – HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches St-Paul’s (1°N, 29°W)
1838 – Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions
1838 – Weenen Massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus.
1840 – American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica
1846 – Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
1852 – Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
1854 – Franz Liszts symphony “Orpheus,” premieres
1857 – Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms in Washington DC
1859 – The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch.
1860 – Dutch Rochussen/Van Bosse government resigns
1862 – Ft Donelson captured by Gen Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)
1864 – Battle of Mobile, AL – operations by Union Army
1866 – Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War.
1868 – Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms (NY)
1878 – Silver dollar became US legal tender

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt

1880 – American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
1883 – “Ladies Home Journal” begins publishing
1887 – 1st newspaper convention (Rochester NY)
1887 – Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5)
1892 – Opera “Werther,” premieres in Vienna
1894 – British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
1899 – Pelham Warner scores 132 on Test Cricket debut (Eng v SA Johannesburg)
1899 – President Félix Faure of France dies in office.
1899 – Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland’s first football club is founded.
1900 – 1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF)
1900 – Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1
1903 – -59°F (-51°C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record)
1905 – 1st US Esperanto club organizes in Boston
1909 – 1st subway car with side doors goes into service (NYC)
1909 – Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
1912 – VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
1913 – President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico
1914 – 1st airplane flight from LA to SF
1915 – Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack. He sits out 1915 season
1916 – Russian troops conquer Erzurum, Armenia
1917 – 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
1918 – Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
1923 – Allies accept Latvia’s occupation of Memel territory

Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter

1923 – Howard Carter finds Pharaoh Tutankhamen
1923 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
1923 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1926 – Suzanne Lenglen defeats Helen Wills in Tennis at Cannes France
1927 – Noel Coward’s “Marquise,” premieres in London
1927 – US restores diplomatic relations with Turkey
1929 – KID-AM in Idaho Falls ID begins radio transmissions
1931 – Extreme right wing Pehr Evind Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland
1932 – 1st patent issued for a tree, to James Markham for a peach tree
1933 – Catholic newspaper Germania warns against nazis/communists
1933 – England regains the Ashes, thanks to bodyline tactics
1934 – Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.
1934 – Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland.
1936 – 4th Winter Olympic games close at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
1936 – Spanish Frente Popular (People’s Front) wins elections
1937 – DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
1937 – Jean Anouilh’s “Le Voyageur Sans Baggage,” premieres in Paris
1938 – US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized
1940 – British search plane finds German Altmark off Norway
1942 – German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery
1943 – -32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill

1943 – British premier Winston Churchill contracts pneumonia
1943 – Red army conquers Kharkov
1943 – Withdrawing Afrika Korps reaches Mareth-line in North-Africa
1943 – Sign on Munich facade: “Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!” done by “White Rose” student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
1943 – World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.
1945 – US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
1945 – Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
1946 – “Duchess Misbehaves” closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 5 perfs
1946 – 1st commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport Ct
1947 – Morton Gould’s 3rd Symphony, premieres
1948 – 1st newsreel telecast, “20th Century Fox-Movietone News” shown on NBC
1948 – Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time
1950 – Longest-running prime-time game show, “What’s My Line” begins on CBS
1950 – Writers fail to elect anyone to Baseball’s Hall of Fame
1951 – NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler

1951 – SF City Hall dome fire
1952 – Hall of Famer Honus Wagner, 77, retires; Pirates retire his #33
1952 – Ian Craig makes NSW cricket debut aged 16 years 249 days (NSW record)
1953 – Ted Williams safely crash-lands his damaged Panther jet, later awarded the Air medal
1954 – WNEM TV channel 5 in Bay City, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957 – The “Toddlers’ Truce”, a controversial television closedown between 6.00pm and 7.00pm was abolished in the United Kingdom.
1958 – Betsy Rawls wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1959 – Fidel Castro names himself Cuba’s premier after overthrowing Batista

1959 – Leonard Spigelgass’ “Majority of One,” premieres in NYC
1960 – US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip
1961 – 1st all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island, Va
1961 – China uses its 1st nuclear reactor
1961 – US satellite Explorer 9 is launched
1962 – Darius Milhaud’s 12th Symphony, premieres
1962 – US Open Tennis: Jimmy Bostwick defeats brother Pete to win
1963 – 1st round-trip swim of Strait of Messina, Italy (Mary Revell of US)
1963 – Beatles top British rock charts with “Please, Please Me”
1963 – C & A Building in Amsterdam burns down
1964 – “Foxy” opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 72 performances
1964 – Beatles’ 2nd appearance on “Ed Sullivan Show”
1965 – “Baker Street” opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 313 performances
1965 – Pegasus 1 launched to detect micro-meteors
1966 – Bob Cowper makes 307 v England at the MCG, 727 mins, 20 fours
1966 – End of Wally Grout’s Test Cricket career, 187 dismissals as Aust WK
1966 – France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
1967 – Red Ruffing selected to Hall of Fame

Cuban President Fidel Castro
Cuban President Fidel Castro

1968 – US 1st 911 phone system went into service in Haleyville, Ala
1968 – Elvis Presley receives gold record for “How Great Thou Art”
1968 – Beatles George Harrison & John Lennon & wives fly to India for transcendental meditation study with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
1970 – Joe Frazier TKOs Jimmy Ellis in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1972 – 1st NBA to score 30,000 points (Wilt Chamberlain in 940 games)
1972 – German mass murderers “Three of Breda” freed
1972 – Test Cricket debut of Lawrence Rowe WI v NZ Kingston, 214 & 100
1972 – Wilt Chamberlain hit 30,000 point mark during a game with Phoenix Suns
1973 – WI v Australia at Kingston, 1st time since 1955 without Sobers
1975 – Washington Capitals 1st NHL shutout, beating KC Scouts 3-0
1977 – USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan
1978 – 1st Computer Bulletin Board System (Ward & Randy’s CBBS, Chicago)
1979 – George Harrison releases “Blow Away”
1979 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk
1980 – Continuous traffic jam extends 176 km north of Lyons, France

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley

1980 – Eric Heiden skates 5k in 7:02.29 (Olympic Record)
1982 – Agatha Barbara elected as 1st female president of Malta
1982 – Assembled STS-3 vehicle moves from Vandenberg AFB to launch pad
1982 – Lee Majors & Farrah Fawcett Majors divorce
1983 – The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia claim the lives of 75 people in Australia’s worst ever fires.
1984 – Bill Johnson becomes 1st American to win Olympic downhill skiing gold
1984 – NJ Devils 1st OT goal, Jan Ludvig beats Hartford Whalers 6-5
1985 – Largest NBA crowd to date, 43,816, sees Phila at Detroit
1985 – Livingston Bramble defeats Ray “Boom Boom” Mancini to win WBA champ
1985 – NJ Devils score their fastest hat trick in 42 seconds
1985 – The founding of Hezbollah.
1986 – “Uptown… It’s Hot!” closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 24 perfs
1986 – French air force bombs Ouadi Doum airport in Chad
1986 – Hein Vergeer becomes world champion skater
1986 – Karlstad skates world record 10 km (14:12.14)

Actress Farrah Fawcett
Actress Farrah Fawcett

1986 – Mario Soares (Socialist) elected Portugal’s 1st civilian pres
1987 – John Demjanjuk, accused of being “Ivan the Terrible” trial begins
1988 – 1st documented combat action by US military advisors in El Salvador
1989 – Egypt, Iraq, Jordan & North Yemen form common market
1989 – Orel Hershiser, Dodger pitcher signs $7.9M-3 year contract
1989 – Roger Clemens, Red Sox pitcher signs $7.5M-3 year contract
1989 – William Hayden becomes governor-general of Australia
1991 – Dutch PPR, Political Party Radicals, disbands
1991 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Tonya Harding
1992 – Former silver Goodyear blimps are now painted yellow & blue
1992 – LA Lakers retire Magic Johnson’s #32 uniform
1993 – Sandra Völker swims world record 50m backstroke (28.33 sec)
1993 – Western Australia’s and Australia’s first woman Premier, Carmen Lawrence, is voted out of office.
1994 – 6.5 earthquake strikes SE Sumatra, kills 200
1994 – Johann Olav Koss skates world record 1500m (1:51.29)
1994 – Premier Alfonso Bustamente ends government in Peru
1996 – Gary Kirsten scores 188* for South Africa v UAE at Rawalpindi
1997 – At age 25, Jeff Gordon is youngest winner in Daytona 500 history
1997 – GTE Suncoast Senior Golf Classic
1997 – Paul Stankowski wins Hawaiian Golf Open
1997 – Terry-Jo Myers wins LPGA Los Angeles Women’s Championship
1998 – Tellabs Inc acquires Coherent Communications Systems for $670 million
1999 – O.J. Simpson’s 1968 Heisman Trophy is sold for $230,000 to help settle a $33.5 million civil judgement against Simpson for the deaths of his ex-wife and her friend
1999 – Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrested one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan.
2003 – Michael Waltrip wins motor racing’s Daytona 500 after rain stops the race for a second time at lap 109
2004 – The Pittsburgh Penguins lose their 12th consecutive home game, a NHL record
2005 – 2004-05 NHL season is canceled by league commissioner Gary Bettman. This was the first time that a North American professional sports league had to cancel a season due to a labor dispute
2005 – The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia.
2006 – The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.
2013 – 84 people are killed and 190 are injured after a market bombing in Hazara Town, Pakistan
2013 – Anthony Carmona is elected President of Trinidad and Tobago
2013 – Lionel Messi scores his 14th consecutive goal in La Liga and his 300th goal in 365 appearances for Barcelona

 

On This Day – February 15th

399 – Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death
590 – Khosrau II is crowned as king of Persia
732 – Ho-tse Shen-hui, Zen teacher disputes founder of Northern Ch’an line
1145 – Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III
1313 – Peace of Angleur
1386 – Duke Philip the Stout forms Council of Flanders
1539 – Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo
1552 – Dutch coast hit by heavy storm
1563 – Russian troops occupy Polotsk Lithuania
1637 – Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor
1677 – King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands
1686 – Jean Baptiste Lully’s opera “Armide,” premieres in Paris
1689 – German Parliament declares war on France
1745 – Colley Cibbers “Papal Tyranny,” premieres in London
1763 – Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign Peace of Hubertusburg
1764 – St. Louis, Missouri founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclade Ligue
1768 – 1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia
1775 – Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
1797 – Battle of Cape St Vincent

King Charles II
King Charles II

1799 – 1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
1804 – New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
1805 – Harmony Society is officially formed.
1842 – 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC
1845 – William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72″ (183 cm) reflector
1848 – Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
1851 – Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescueing a fugitive slave
1852 – Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
1861 – Ft Point completed & garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
1862 – Grant’s major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
1864 – Fire in Rotterdam Neth damages Museum Boymans
1869 – Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
1870 – Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn
1876 – Historic Elm at Boston blown down
1879 – Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Ct
1882 – 1st cargo of frozen meat leaves NZ for Britain, on SS Dunedin
1891 – AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
1895 – 23 cm (9″) of snow falls on New Orleans
1898 – USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown-258 sailors die
1900 – General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes
1902 – Underground railway (U-Bahn)
1903 – 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom
1905 – 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark)
1906 – British Labour Party organizes
1910 – The Boy Scouts of America is founded.
1912 – Fram reaches latitude 78° 41′ S, farthest south ever by ship
1913 – 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC
1916 – NY Yankees buy Frank “Home Run” Baker from the Athletics for $37,500
1917 – SF Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
1918 – 1st WW I US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany, off Ireland
1918 – Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar
1919 – American Legion organizes in Paris
1921 – Arthur Mailey completes 9-121 v England, Australian Test Cricket record

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi

1922 – Marconi begins regular broadcasting transmissions from Essex
1926 – Brooks Atkinson Theater opens at 256 W 47th St NYC

1926 – Contract air mail service begins in US
1930 – Weona beats Toluca in Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes
1931 – 1st Dracula movie released
1931 – Spring training site of NY Yankees in St Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team’s late manager
1932 – 3rd Winter Olympic games close at Lake Placid, NY
1932 – Aust beat South Africa in cricket by an inn in 5 hrs 53 min playing time
1932 – George Burns & Gracie Allen debuted as regulars on “Guy Lombardo Show”
1932 – John Van Druten’s “There’s Always Juliet,” premieres in NYC
1932 – US bobsled team member Eddie Eagan becomes only athlete to win gold in both Summer & Winter Olympics (1920 boxing gold)
1933 – Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party
1933 – Pres-elect Franklin Roosevelt survives assassination attempt
1933 – Social-democratic newspaper “Vorwarts” banned again in Berlin
1936 – -60°F (-51°C), Parshall, North Dakota (state record)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler

1936 – Hitler announce building of Volkswagens (starting slug-bug game)
1936 – Sonja Henie, Norway, wins 3rd consecutive Olympic figure skating gold
1939 – German battleship Bismarck was launched
1939 – Lillian Hellman’s “Little Foxes,” premieres in NYC
1941 – Duke Ellington 1st records “Take the A Train”
1942 – German U-boat shells at Antillian oil refinery
1942 – Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
1942 – Singapore surrenders to Japanese
1943 – Women’s camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid
1944 – 891 British bombers attack Berlin
1944 – Bombing & shooting at Monte Cassino convent Italy, begins
1946 – Bank of England nationalized
1947 – “Toplitzky of Notre Dame” closes at Century Theater NYC after 60 perfs
1948 – Mao Zedong’s army occupies Yenan
1949 – Dmitri Shostakovitch’ “Song of the Woods,” premieres in Leningrad

Chinese Communist Revolutionary and Politician Mao Tse-Tung
Chinese Communist Revolutionary and Politician Mao Tse-Tung

1950 – KENS TV channel 5 in San Antonio, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 – WM Inge’s “Come Back, Little Sheba,” premieres in NYC
1950 – WSYR (now WSTM) TV channel 3 in Syracuse, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting
1950 – Walt Disney’s “Cinderella” released
1952 – King George VI is buried in St. George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.
1954 – 1st bevatron in operation-Berkeley, California
1954 – WRDW TV channel 12 in Augusta, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 – 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced
1956 – Urho Kekkonen appointed president of Finland
1956 – Pirates & KC A’s cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham Alabama, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against white
1957 – Andrei A Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet foreign minister
1958 – Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by June Markham/Courtney Jones GRB
1958 – Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Barbara Wagner/Rob Paul of CAN
1958 – Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Carol Heiss of USA
1958 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by David Jenkins USA

Animator Walt Disney
Animator Walt Disney

1958 – Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara forms anti-government of Middle Sumatra
1959 – Antonio Segni forms Italian government
1959 – Louise Suggs wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Tournament
1961 – Australia beat WI 2-1 in one of best Test Cricket series ever
1961 – Entire US figure skating team of 18, dies in Belgian Sabena 707 crash
1962 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 – 1st US female world figure skating champ (Tenley Albright)
1963 – Ken Lynch records “Misery,” 1st Lennon-McCartney song by someone else
1964 – Beatles’ “Meet the Beatles!,” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 11 weeks
1964 – Bill Bradley scores 51 points for Princeton
1965 – Canada replaces Union Jack flag with Maple Leaf
1965 – John Lennon passes his driving test
1965 – Maple Leaf becomes official flag of Canada
1966 – Kees Verkerk becomes world champion all-round skater
1967 – 1st anti-bootleg recording laws enacted
1967 – D66 (D’66) wins 7 seats in Dutch 2nd Chamber
1967 – Longest dream (REM sleep) on record, Bill Carskadon, Chicago (2:23)
1968 – Anaheim’s Les Salvage scores 10, 3-pt baskets in ABA game vs Denver
1968 – WVUT TV channel 22 in Vincennes, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
1970 – Ard Schenk becomes world champion all-round skater
1970 – Carol Mann wins LPGA Burdine’s Golf Invitational
1970 – Dominican DC-9 crashes into sea at Santo Domingo, kills 102

Hall of Fame Basketball/US Senator Bill Bradley
Hall of Fame Basketball/US Senator Bill Bradley

1970 – KAMU TV channel 15 in College Station, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
1970 – Nationalists disrupt UN session on Congo
1971 – After 1,200 years Britain abandons 12-shilling system for decimal
1971 – UK begins using decimal currency
1971 – Decimalisation of British coinage is completed on Decimal Day.
1972 – Bill Torrey becomes 1st Islander General Manager
1972 – Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes metropolitan of Imbros/Tenedos
1972 – Pres Velasco Ibarra of Ecuador deposed for 4th time
1972 – Sound recordings are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.
1973 – Friendsville Academy (Tenn) ends 138-game basketball losing streak
1973 – USSR launches Prognoz 3 to study sun (589/200,300 km)
1976 – 12th Winter Olympic games close at Innsbruck, Austria
1976 – Joanne Carner wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1977 – Social-democrats win Danish parliamentary election
1978 – England all out 64 for 1st loss to NZ in cricket (Boycott capt)
1978 – Escaped mass murderer Ted Bundy recaptured, Pensacola, Fla

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali

1978 – Leon Spinks beats Muhammad Ali in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1978 – Zaire revises constitution
1979 – 21st Grammy Awards: Just the Way You Are, Taste of Honey wins
1979 – Paul Shirley (21) of Australia, sucked a lifesaver for 4 hrs 40 mins
1979 – Temple City Kazoo Orchestra appears on Mike Douglas Show
1979 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1980 – Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 500m in 38.03 sec
1980 – Wayne Gretzy assists on NHL-record-tieing 7 goals
1981 – Joanne Carner wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1981 – Rocket-powered ice sled attains 399 kph, Lake George, NY
1982 – Dan Issel (NBA-Nuggets), begins streak of 63 consecutive free throw
1982 – Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform lost off Newfoundland, 84 die
1984 – 500,000 Iranian soldiers move into Iraq
1985 – STS 51-E vehicle moves to launch pad
1985 – World chess championship match abandoned-Karpov 25, Kasparov 23
1986 – 44,180 largest NBA crowd to date-Phila at Detroit
1986 – Ferdinand Marcos wins rigged Philippines presidential election
1986 – Phil Natl Assembly authorizes 6 more years for Ferdinand Marcos
1987 – ABC-TV begins broadcasting “Amerika” mini-series
1987 – Karlstad skates world record 10km (14:03,92)
1987 – Nikolai Guljajev becomes world champion skater
1987 – Craig Stadler disqualified from Andy Williams Open for kneeling on a towel to make a shot
1988 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1989 – Israel attacks border strip Taba near Egypt
1989 – Soviet military occupation of Afgh nist n ends
1990 – Baseball owners lock out players
1991 – Freighter with dynamite explodes in Phang Nga Thailand, 120 die
1991 – Troy State sets NCAA Div II record with 103 points in 2nd half routing DeVry Institute 187-117
1992 – 100th episode of “Cops” airs on Fox
1992 – Jeffrey Dahmer found sane & guilty of killing 15 boys
1993 – Bomb strike on mafia drug lords in Bogot , Colombia; kills 14
1993 – Bombings by mafia drug lords kill 14 in Bogota Colombia
1993 – Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Rochester NY on WNVE 95.1 FM
1993 – Katie Elizabeth Hillyard was born, famous English young composer of the year 2007.England
1994 – US asks Aristide to adopt a peace plan from Haiti
1995 – Burundi premier Anatole Kanyenkiko, resigns
1995 – Dow-Jones closes at record 3986.17
1995 – Population of People’s Republic of China hits 1.2 billion
1996 – Mortar attack on the US Embassy in Athens, Greece.
1997 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Tara Lipinski
1997 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldridge
1998 – Dale Eggeling wins Los Angeles Women’s Golf Championship
1998 – Daytona 500 race
1999 – Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party, widely recognized as terrorist organization), was arrested in Kenya.
2000 – Indian Point II nuclear power plant in New York State vents a small amount of radioactive steam when a steam generator fails.
2001 – First draft of the complete Human Genome is published in Nature
2002 – At the Tri-State Crematory in La Fayette, Georgia, investigators find uncremated bodies disposed of in the woods and buildings on the crematorium’s property. The discovery reveals one of the worst incidents of abuse in the funeral service industry.
2003 – An estimated eleven million people around the world take to the streets to protest against the looming war with Iraq
2005 – YouTube, the popular Internet site on which videos may be shared and viewed by others, is launched in the United States.
2011 – Libyan protests begin opposing Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi’s rule
2012 – United Kingdom unemployment rate reaches 17 year high of 8.4%
2012 – Fire at Comayagua prison, Honduras, kills 358
2013 – Over 1,200 people are injured after a meteor breaks up over Chelyabinsk, Russia
2013 – 2012 DA14, an asteroid with a 50m diameter, comes within 27,700km from Earth

On This Day February 14th

 

842 – Charles II & Louis the German sign treaty
1009 – First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg.
1014 – Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II, Roman German emperor
1076 – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
1130 – Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II
1540 – Emperor Charles V enters Ghent without resistance, executes rebels
1556 – Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic
1610 – Polish king Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 & Romanov family sign covenant against czar Vasili Shushki
1630 – Dutch fleet of 69 ships reaches Pernambuco Brazil
1670 – Roman Catholic emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna
1689 – English parliament places Mary Stuart/Prince William III on the throne
1743 – Henry Pelham becomes Britain’s First Lord of Treasury
1766 – Dutch governor Falck signs Treaty of Batticaloa with rebels
1778 – “Stars & Stripes” arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
1794 – 1st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Phila
1803 – Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Penn
1803 – Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.
1804 – Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
1831 – Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV

1844 – Lt. John C. Frémont first European to discover Lake Tahoe in the US
1849 – In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken ( by Matthew Brady).
1855 – Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.
1859 – Oregon admitted as 33rd state
1862 – Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
1867 – Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co issues 1st policy
1867 – Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
1872 – 1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA)
1876 – A G Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
1879 – Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
1883 – 1st state labor union legislation; NJ legalizes unions
1887 – Cubs sell Mike King Kelly to Boston for record $10,000
1889 – 1st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east
1890 – 1st NSW v South Australia 1st-class cricket game
1894 – Venus is both a morning star & evening star

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde

1895 – Oscar Wilde’s “Importance of Being Earnest,” opens in London
1896 – George Lohmann takes a hat-trick v South Africa, 8-7 for inning
1896 – South Africa all out for 30 v England – their lowest ever
1896 – Stanley Cup: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0
1896 – Theodor Herzl publishes “Der Judenstaat”
1899 – US Congress begins using voting machines
1900 – Date of events in movie “Picnic at Hanging Rock”
1900 – Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
1903 – US Dept of Commerce & Labor forms
1907 – 1st US foxhound association forms in NYC
1912 – 1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Ct
1912 – Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
1914 – High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands
1918 – H Atteridge & S Rombergs musical “Sinbad,” premieres in NYC
1918 – USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
1919 – United Parcel Service forms
1919 – The Polish-Soviet War begins.
1920 – League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
1921 – Canadian 5 cent nickel coin is authorized
1921 – Little Review faces obscenity charges for publishing “Ulysses,” NY
1924 – IBM Corporation founded by Thomas Watson
1925 – State of emergency crisis in Bavaria ends, NSDAP re-allowed

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster Al Capone

1929 – St Valentine’s Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone’s orders
1931 – Bradman scores 152 Aust v WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives
1931 – Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls
1932 – South Africa all out for 36 in 1st innings v Aust (Ironmonger 5-6)
1934 – NHL Ace Bailey Benefit Game: Toronto beats All-Stars 7-3 in Toronto
1936 – National Negro Congress organizes in Chicago
1936 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1936 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
1939 – Victor Fleming replaces George Cukor as director of Gone With the Wind
1940 – British merchant vessel fleet is armed
1941 – One millionth vehicle traverses the NY Midtown Tunnel
1941 – Carson McCuller’s “Reflections in a Golden Eye” published
1941 – Cebrie Park in the Bronx renamed Halsey Street
1941 – German Afrika Korps lands in Tripoli, Libya
1942 – Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang, Sumatra

Director Victor Fleming
Director Victor Fleming

1942 – Rotterdam’s Maas tunnel opens
1942 – Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
1943 – German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia
1943 – Soviets recapture Rostov
1943 – World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.
1944 – Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
1944 – Carl Wick publishes “Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing
1945 – US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
1945 – Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
1945 – World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
1945 – World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
1946 – Bank of England nationalized
1949 – 1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel)
1949 – Dutch Drees government presents plan for the building of 30,000 houses
1950 – Moroney scores cricket twin centuries for Australia at Johannesburg
1950 – USSR & China sign peace treaty

Middle/welterweight championship boxer Sugar Ray Robinson
Middle/welterweight championship boxer Sugar Ray Robinson

1951 – Sugar Ray Robinson defeats Jake LaMotta & takes middleweight title
1952 – 6th Olympic winter games open at Oslo, Norway
1954 – Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1954 – Sen John Kennedy appears on “Meet the Press”
1954 – WTOC TV channel 11 in Savannah, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 – WFLA (now WXFL) TV channel 8 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (NBC) begins
1956 – 20th Congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
1956 – Indonesia withdraws from Neth Indonesian Union
1956 – Verhoeven/Nauta/De King/Wijnhout win Dutch 11 city skate
1957 – Georgia Senate unanimously approves Sen Leon Butts’ bill barring blacks from playing baseball with whites
1958 – Arab Federation of Iraq & Jordan forms
1959 – $3.6 million heroin seizure in NYC
1960 – Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1960 – Marshal Ayub Khan elected president of Pakistan
1961 – Element 103, Lawrencium, 1st produced in Berkeley Calif
1961 – Louise Suggs wins LPGA Royal Poinciana Golf Invitational
1962 – 1st lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV
1963 – US launches communications satellite Syncom 1
1966 – Australian currency is decimalised, and decimal currency postage stamps introduced
1966 – Wilt Chamberlain breaks NBA career scoring record at 20,884 points
1966 – Writers Andrei Sinjavski & Joeij Daniel found guilty
1967 – Aretha Franklin records “Respect”
1967 – Latin American nuclear free zone proposal drawn up
1968 – Pennsylvania Railroad/NYC Central merge into Penn Central
1968 – WHKY TV channel 14 in Hickory, NC (IND) begins broadcasting
1970 – “Gantry” closes at George Abbott Theater NYC after 1 performance
1971 – Movie “Ben Hur” 1st shown on television
1971 – Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House
1972 – John & Yoko co-host “Mike Douglas Show” for entire week
1972 – Luna 20 (Russia) launched to orbit & soft landing on Moon
1972 – CBS “Late Movie” premieres
1975 – Bomb explodes at annex of Amsterdam metro station

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President Richard Nixon

1976 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1978 – 1st “micro on a chip” patented by Texas Instruments
1978 – In girls’ HS basketball, Chicago Latin beats Harvard St George
1979 – “Whoopee!” opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 204 performances
1979 – In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police.
1980 – “West Side Story” opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 341 performances
1980 – 13th Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, NY
1980 – US launches Solar Maximum Mission Observatory to study solar flares
1981 – Stardust Disaster: A fire in a Dublin nightclub kills 48 people
1982 – “Night of 100 Stars” takes place at NY’s Radio City Music Hall
1982 – Hollis Stacy wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1985 – Hostage CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is released in Beirut
1987 – 53,745 largest NBA crowd to date-Phila at Detroit
1988 – 49th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Gary Player
1988 – Alfredo Stroessner re-elected president of Paraguay
1988 – Bobby Allison at 50 becomes oldest driver to win Daytona 500
1988 – Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic
1989 – African National Congress (ANC) opens office in Amsterdam
1989 – Khomeini orders Moslems to murder “Satanic Verses” novelist Rushdie
1989 – Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 mill damages for Bhopol disaster
1989 – World’s 1st satellite Skyphone opens
1989 – The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit.
1990 – Alan Ayckbourn’s “Man of the Moment,” premieres in London
1990 – Perrier recalls 160 million bottles of sparkling water after traces of benzene, a carcinogen, are found in some
1990 – Space probe Voyager 1 takes photograph of entire solar system
1991 – “Mule Bone” opens at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC for 67 performances
1991 – NL Cy Young winner Doug Drabek wins record $3 mil salary arbitration
1992 – Andre Cason runs world record 6 m indoor (6.41 sec)
1992 – Cease fire in Somalia begins
1992 – Kieren John Perkins swims world record 800m freestyle (7:46.60)
1992 – Merlene Ottey runs world record 60m indoor (6.96 sec)
1993 – Fire in Linxi department store in Tangshan China, kills 79
1994 – Alexander Golubev skates Olympic record 500m (36.33)
1994 – Andrei Chikatilo, a Russian serial killer is executed by shooting.
1995 – Wellington 2-498d & 4-475 beat Canterbury 496 & 2-476d
1998 – Authorities in the United States announce that Eric Robert Rudolph is a suspect in an Alabama abortion clinic bombing.
2000 – The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.
2002 – Fishing vessel Tullaghmurray Lass sinks off the coast of Kilkeel, County Down, Northern Ireland killing three members of the same family on board.
2004 – In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.
2005 – Lebanon’s former Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri, is assassinated, prompting the country to fall into chaos.
2005 – Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines’ Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.
2008 – Northern Illinois University shooting: a gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in 24 casualties; 6 fatalities (including gunman) and 18 injured.
2011 – The 2011 Bahraini uprising commenced.
2013 – A suicide bombing kills 4 police officer and injures 5 in Dagestan
2013 – Oscar Pistorius,a South African amputee sprint runner, is charged with the murder of Reeva Steenkamp
2013 – The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s largest and highest-energy particle accelerator, was switched off for two years for upgrading

On This Day – February 13th

 

1130 – Gregorio de’ Papareschi elected as Pope Innocent II
1258 – Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed.
1349 – Jews are expelled from Burgsordf, Switzerland
1503 – Disfida di Barletta – Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta.
1510 – Charles of Gelre conquerors Oldenzaal
1545 – Willem of Nassau becomes prince of Orange
1566 – St Augustine, Florida founded
1575 – Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims.
1578 – Tycho Brahe 1st sketches “Tychonic system” of solar system
1601 – John Lancaster leads first East India Company voyage from London
1633 – Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun
1651 – Flemish missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo
1668 – Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
1689 – British Parliament adopts Bill of Rights
1692 – Glencoe Massacre : about 78 MacDonalds are killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.
1693 – College of William & Mary opens in Virginia
1706 – Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia/Saksen
1741 – Andrew Bedford publishes 1st American magazine (American Magazine)
1755 – Rebel leader Mangkubuni signs Treaty of Gianti Java

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei

1777
 –
 Marquis de Sade arrested without charge and imprisoned in Vincennes fortress
1782 – French fleet occupies St Christopher
1786 – Abraham Baldwin selected president of University of Georgia
1795 – 1st state university in US opens, University of North Carolina
1799 – 1st US law regulating insurance passed, by Massachusetts
1809 – French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
1815 – The Cambridge Union Society is founded.
1816 – -14] Teatro San Carlo in Naples is destroyed by fire
1826 – American Temperance Society, forms in Boston
1832 – 1st appearance of cholera in London
1837 – Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour
1858 – Sir Richard Burton & John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa
1860 – King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
1861 – 1st military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, AZ
1861 – Abraham Lincoln declared president

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President Abraham Lincoln

1861 – Col Bernard Irwin attacks & defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians
1862 – -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson TN
1864 – Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek & Wyatt, Mississippi
1866 – Jesse James holds up his 1st bank, Liberty, Missouri ($15,000)
1867 – Johann Strauss’ “Blue Danube” waltz premieres in Vienna
1880 – Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels’s primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
1881 – The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.
1886 – Painter Thomas Eakins resigns from Philadelphia Academy of Art after controversial over use of male nudes in a coed art class
1895 – Moving picture projector patented
1899 – -16°F (-27°C), Minden Louisiana (state record)
1899 – -1°F (-18°C) New Orleans, La
1899 – -2°F (-19°C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record)
1905 – -29°F (-34°C) Pond, Arkansas (state record)
1905 – -40°F (-40°C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record)
1905 – -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw Jesse James

1907 – English suffragettes storm British Parliament & 60 women are arrested
1912 – England regains the Ashes
1914 – American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers-ASCAP forms in NYC
1920 – National Negro Baseball League organizes
1920 – League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland
1920 – Switzerland rejoins the League of Nations
1923 – 1st Black pro Basketball team, “Renaissance,” organizes
1924 – The tomb of King Tutankhamun tomb opened
1925 – US Congress makes Surpreme Court appeal more difficult
1927 – Uprising against Portuguese regime of Gen Carmona defeated
1929 – Cruiser Act, USA, approves the construction of 19 new cruisers & an aircraft carrier
1929 – Vladimir Mayakofsky’s “Klop,” premieres in Moscow
1932 – “Free Eats” introduces George “Spanky” McFarland to “Our Gang”
1934 – Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
1934 – The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
1935 – 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland
1935 – Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnap & murder of Lindbergh infant
1937 – “Prince Valiant” comic strip appears; known for historical detail
1937 – Bradman scores 123 SA v Queensland, 165 mins, 10-4s 1-6 in cricket
1937 – Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship
1937 – NFL Boston Redskins move to Wash DC
1937 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1937 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
1940 – Bradman scores 209* in 161 minutes for South Aust at the WACA
1941 – Nazi leaders attack Dutch Jewish Council

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler

1942 – Hitler’s Operation Sealion (invasion of England) cancelled
1943 – German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, Gen Eisenhower visits front
1943 – Women’s Marine Corps created
1945 – Allied planes bomb Dresden Germany; 135,000 die
1945 – Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
1945 – USSR captures Budapest, after 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
1946 – “Duchess Misbehaves” opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 5 performances
1948 – Andy Ganteaume scores 112 for W Indies in only Test Cricket innings
1948 – Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Lannoy & Baugniet of BEL
1948 – Men’s Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA
1948 – Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England
1952 – Rocky Marciano defeated Lee Savold for his 39th straight win
1953 – A’s change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium
1954 – Frank Selvey scores 100 points for Furman beating Newberry 149-95
1955 – Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano

1955 – KRCG TV channel 13 in Jefferson City, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 – Patty Berg wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1956 – KYW-AM in Philadelphia Penn gives calls to WTAM (now WWWE) Cleveland
1957 – Southern Christian Leadership Conference organizes in New Orleans
1959 – Barbie doll goes on sale
1959 – Miro Cardon, premier of Cuba, resigns
1960 – “Beg, Borrow or Steal” opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 5 performances
1960 – “Saratoga” closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 80 performances
1960 – France performs 1st nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
1961 – Frank Sinatra launches Reprise label under Warner Bros Records
1961 – Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus
1965 – Peggy Fleming, 16, wins ladies senior figure skating title
1965 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
1965 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti
1966 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1968 – US sends 10,500 additional soldiers to Vietnam
1969 – Mary Hopkin’s Postcard album on Apple is released
1969 – Suriname government of Pengel resigns

1970 – Man-eating tiger is reported to have killed 48, 80 km from New Delhi
1970 – NL offices begins move from Cin to SF (completed Feb 23)
1971 – 12,000 South Vietnamese troops cross into Laos
1971 – Golfing VP Spiro Agnew hits 2 tee shots into crowd, injuring 2
1972 – “1776” closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 1,217 performances
1972 – “Grease” opens on Broadway
1972 – 11th Winter Olympic games close at Sapporo, Japan
1973 – Musical “El Grande de Coca-Cola,” premieres in NYC
1973 – US dollar devalues 10%
1974 – “Rainbow Jones” opens & closes at Music Box Theater NYC
1974 – Dissident Nobel writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from USSR
1974 – James ‘Cool Papa’ Bell is named to baseball’s Hall of Fame

Baseball player Cool Papa Bell
Baseball player Cool Papa Bell

1975 – Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash procliams Turkish-Cypriot Federation
1976 – Dorothy Hamill wins Olympic figure-skating gold, Innsbruck, Austria
1976 – Peter Casserly of NZ hand-sheers record 353 lambs in 9 hours
1977 – “Guys & Dolls” closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 239 performances
1977 – “Ipi Tombi” closes at Harkness Theater NYC after 39 performances
1977 – “Robber Bridegroom” closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 145 performances
1977 – Eric Heiden is 1st American to win world speed skating championship
1977 – Pam Higgins wins LPGA American Cancer Society Golf Classic
1978 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 – 2nd Emmy Sports Award presentation
1979 – Washington State’s Hood Canal Bridge breaks up in windstorm
1980 – Apollo Computer Inc incorporated
1980 – NZ beats West Indies by one wicket in cricket at Dunedin
1981 – Longest sentence published by NY Times-1286 words
1981 – A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.
1982 – Dark Side of the Moon is in charts for 402nd week
1982 – Islander’s Bryan Trottier scores 5 goals against Flyers
1983 – “Merlin” opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 199 performances
1983 – 33rd NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 132-123 at LA
1983 – Australia beats NZ 2-0 to win World Series Cup
1983 – Donna White wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic
1983 – E Bernstein, Levinson & Link’s musical “Merlin” premieres in NYC
1983 – World Boxing Council becomes 1st to cut boxing from 15 to 12 rounds
1984 – 6 year old Texan Stormie Jones gets 1st heart & liver transplant
1984 – Konstantin Chernenko succeeds Yuri Andropov as USSR leader
1985 – Dow Jones closes at 1297.92 (record high) after topping 1300 earlier
1985 – Polish police arrests 7 Solidarity leaders
1987 – Tigers’ Jack Morris awarded $1.85 million salary by arbitrator
1988 – 15th Winter Olympic games opens at Calgary, Canada
1988 – Christine Wachtel runs world record 800m indoor (1:56:40)
1988 – European Community plans removal of internal boundaries on Jan 1, 1992
1988 – Heike Dreschler long jumps world record indoor (7.37m)
1988 – Ronald Weigel runs unofficial world record speed walking (18:11.41)
1989 – Kidnapped Belgian Premier Vanden Boeynants freed
1989 – Salvadoran army attacks Encuentros hospital, rapes, kills patients
1989 – Oklahoma football player Charles Thompson is charged with selling cocaine; he is later sentenced to 2 years in prison
1990 – 50 killed at Inkatha-UDF battle in Natal, South Africa

NBA Legend Larry Bird
NBA Legend Larry Bird

1990 – Larry Bird (Celtics) ends NBA free throw streak of 71 games
1990 – US, Britain & France give Germany OK to reunify
1991 – Syria tells Germany they are ready to recognize Israel
1991 – US bombs Iraqi air raid shelter, killing 334
1991 – US air raid on the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad kills more than 408 civilians
1992 – “Most Happy Fella” opens at Booth Theater NYC for 229 performances
1992 – Jose Canseco repeatedly rams his Porsche into wife Esther’s BMW
1992 – West beats East 14 to 9 in Major Soccer League all star game
1993 – Ljubow Kremljowa runs world record 1000m indoor (2:34:84)
1993 – Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (21.87 sec)
1993 – Sergei Bubka pole vaults indoor record (6.14 m)
1994 – 44th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 127-118 at Minneapolis
1994 – Inna Lassovskaya jumps world record 14.9m
1994 – Johann Olav Koss skates world record 5000m 6:34,96
1994 – Ship disaster near Ranong Thailand, kills 200
1995 – Howard Stern radio show premieres in San Diego CA on KIOZ 105.3 FM
1995 – West Indies beat NZ by innings & 332, Courtney Walsh 13-55
1996 – Howard Stern announces he will be making the film “Private Parts”
1996 – Rock musical “Rent,” by Jonathan Larson, opens off-Broadway

Rap Musician and Actor Tupac Shakur
Rap Musician and Actor Tupac Shakur

1996 – Rapper Tupac Shakur releases his 4th studio album ‘All Eyez on Me’
1997 – “Three Sisters,” opens at Criterion Theater NYC
1997 – Discovery captures Hubble Space Telescope
2000 – The last original "Peanuts" comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies.
2001 – An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.
2004 – The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe’s largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093.
2005 – 47th Grammy Awards: Here We Go Again, Maroon 5 wins
2005 – NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 38-27
2007 – Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by the Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election.
2008 – Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes an historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and the Stolen Generations.
2009 – Unix time passed 1,234,567,890 seconds February 13, 2009 at exactly 23:31:30 (UTC).
2010 – A bombing at the German Bakery in Pune, India, kills 10 and injures 60 more.
2011 – 53rd Grammy Awards: Need You Now, Esperanza Spalding wins
2013 – 16 Muslim insurgents are killed in an attack on a Narathiwat military base, Thailand
2013 – 10 civilians, including 3 children, are killed by a NATO airstrike in the Kunar Province, Afghanistan